How do you recognize citrus mealybug?

Citrus mealybug is white. The white color comes mainly from the with wax threads that cover the body.  The actual body color is yellow-orange. This is better visible in younger stages that don’t have many wax threads covering their body. Citrus mealybug can be distinguished from other mealybugby their short tail hairs, the length stripe across the back and short wax threads around the body. Citrus mealybugs produce white fluffy masses of wax threads for oviposition. The eggs are light yellow, shiny and oval shaped. Male citrus mealybugs greatly differ from their female counterparts in the adult stage. Males elongate and make a cocoon of white waxy material in which they develop into gray, winged individuals. After metamorphosis they are barely recognizable as mealybugs. 

Planococcus citri female
Females of the citrus mealybug
Planococcus citri male
Males of the citrus mealybug

Citrus mealybug damage and distribution

Citrus mealybug can be found in all parts of the plant. Virtually all stages produce honeydew. Young mealybugs often move towards the growing tips and older stages remain lower in the crop in leaf axils or on the underside of the leaves. Mealy bugs feed by sap sucking on plant tissues, causing deformations, reduced growth, leaf discoloration and early leaf shedding. Distribution of mealybugs happens mainly in the youngest stage when the so-called crawlers actively disperse throughout the plant. The crawlers can also be easily spread manually or by wind. 

Life cycle citrus mealybug

  • 300 eggs per female
  • eggs hatch after six to eight days
  • egg to adult in 25-40 days
  • 3 to 4 development stages
  • active during spring and summer

Host plants citrus mealybug

  • common in greenhouses
  • in floriculture and horticulture
  • pot plants, roses, palms
  • tomato, eggplant
Our products against

Citrus mealybug

LEPTOMASTIDEA ABNORMIS

Effective against
– Citrus mealybug

LEPTOMASTIX DACTYLOPII

Effective against
– Citrus mealybug

ANAGYRUS PSEUDOCOCCI 

Effective against
– Citrus mealybug

CRYPTOLAEMUS MONTROUZIERI

Effective against
– All mealybug species

Common mealybug species

Citrus mealybug

Long-tailed mealybug
Obscure mealybug
Solanum mealybug